Biography of the Comte de Saint-Simon, father of French socialism

Biography of the Comte de Saint-Simon, father of French socialism

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Claude-Henri de Rouvroy, Count of Saint-Simon was the father of french socialism in the XIX century. His positivism penetrated the ideology of the French and came to influence later theories.

Authors like Friedrich Engels They argued that he was in charge of creating the base on which all the movements of the second half of the 19th century would be sustained.

He was born on October 17, 1760 in Paris into an aristocratic family. From a young age, he broke with his family and joined the army in 1777 to fight alongside the North American insurgents. The ideas that moved Saint-Simon came from the illustration and from romanticism, two movements that grew within his being over time.

When starting the French Revolution, he abjured his noble status and, in 1803, published his first important work: the "Letter from a Geneva resident to his contemporaries”.

In it he elaborated his doctrine of ability and expressed his desire for the creation of a new super-state spirit power. Saint-Simon advocated build a religion of science to replace Catholicism.

After the fall and the return of Napoleon, joined him during the Hundred days and later he joined the opposition against the Bourbons. At this stage in his life, it became apparent that, with increasing intensity, Saint-Simon had faith in the new bourgeois owners of national goods.

For him, the term “industrial"Had the same meaning as the word"producer”. Within his doctrine, Saint-Simon wanted to build a new society with all producers, while excluding all idlers. All these ideas were reflected in his work "The parable”In 1819.

A bullet that caused him to remain one-eyed, made Saint-Simón go through a period of discouragement, in which he evolved into a planning and technocratic socialism.

This change was reflected above all in two works: the “Catechism of industrialists"Of 1824 and"The new christianity”Of 1825. It became a icon among socialists, although it also had a decisive influence on Stuart Mill, Louis napoleon Y Auguste Comte.

However, his death on May 19, 1825 did not stop the development of his work, since Saint-Simonism spread rapidly, especially thanks to Bazard, Enfantrin, Chevalier, Carnot and Leroux, who made the newspaper "Le GlobeThe organ of movement.

From the ideological and rhetorical level, it was clear that Saint-Simon's ideas were the driving force behind the commercial and industrial development of France in the second half of the 19th century, thanks to followers such as the Pereire and De Lesseps brothers.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was a child he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

Video: SOCIOLOGY - Auguste Comte


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