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(Destroyer No. 180: dp. 1,284, l. 314'4, b. 30'11Y4"; dr. 9'2" (mean); s. 33.5 k. (tl.); cpl. 122;a. 4 4", 2'3", 12 21 tt.; cl. Wickes)
Stansbury (Destroyer No. 180) was laid down on 9 December 1918 by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp. at San Francisco, Calif.; launched on 16 May 1919; sponsored by Miss Mary Eleanor Trevorrow; and commissioned at Mare Island Navy Yard on 8 January 1920, Comdr. J. W. Lewis in command.
Stansbury served with the Pacific Fleet for over two years during which time she received the designation DD-180. On 27 May 1922, she was decommissioned and berthed at San Diego, Calif. She remained inactive for more than 12 years, but the onset of World War II in September 1939 necessitated her reactivation along with that of many of her sister ships. Accordingly, Stansbury was recommissioned at San Diego on 29 August 1940, Lt. Comdr. R. N. McFarlane in command. From there, she moved to the Mare Island Navy Yard to begin her conversion to a high-speed minesweeper. In October, she proceeded to Norfolk, Va., where the conversion was completed. On 19 November, she was redesignated a destroyer minesweeper, DMS-8.
Stansbury was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet from October 1940 to December 1943. She spent her first year in the Atlantic in minesweeping exercises, in coastwise escort duties, and in conducting maneuvers in the Caribbean Sea. On 30 June 1942, while escorting SS City of Brimingham from Norfolk to Bermuda, she attacked a German U-boat with depth charges. A rough sea and rescue operations for survivors of the torpedoed merchantmen handicapped her during the unsuccessful attack. However, her humanitarian effort proved successful; for, on 1 July, she pulled into Bermuda with 390 survivors embarked.
The destroyer minesweeper set out from Norfolk on 24 October 1942 to join Task Force (TF) 34, the North Africa invasion force. Stansbury was assigned to Mine Squadron (MinRon) 7 of the Center Attack Group for the landings. The group's assault area was at Fedala just up the coast from Casablanca; the ships arrived off the objective area on 7 November. Stansbury and the other minesweepers made an exploratory sweep of the approaches and then she joined the screen in patrolling the transport area. On the 15th, the cargo ship Electra (AK-21) was torpedoed; but-thanks to the efforts of Stansbury, Raven (AM-55), and Cherokee (AT-66)—she remained afloat throughout the night and was beached at Casablanca the following morning. The destroyer minesweeper returned to Hampton Roads, Va., on 26 December 1942. For the next year, she plied the eastern coastal waters of the United States and the North Atlantic as far east as Iceland.
On 4 December 1943, Stanabury transited the Panama Canal and joined the Pacific Fleet. She conducted minesweeping exercises off the coast of California for about a month; then stood out of San Diego on 13 January 1944 and headed west with TF 53. The task force reached Lahaina Roads, in the Hawaiian Islands, on 22 January and sailed for the Marshalls the following day. Stansbury operated in the antisubmarine screen both during the voyage to Kwajalein and during the assault itself. She remained in the vicinity from 1 to 7 February; then joined an amphibious group in returning to Funafuti in the Ellice Islands. On 13 February, she sailed to Noumea, New Caledonia, arriving on the 20th. For almost four months, Stanabury made the South Pacific circuit, screening numerous amphibious and logistics groups. She visited the Solomons and New Hebrides groups, New Britain, and escorted part of the Admiralty Islands assault force to its objective in mid-April. She returned to the central Pacific, in May, at Eniwetok.
On 10 June, she and nine other destroyer minesweepers departed Eniwetok and, three days later, rendezvoused off Saipan with TF 58, Vice Admiral Mitscher's Fast Carrier Task Force. The minesweepers swept off the west coast of the island while TF 58 covered them. After about five hours of clearing mines, they retired and joined an advance bombardment group from TF 53. Stansbury helped screen the big warships from enemy submarines until the arrival of the initial invasion forces on 15 June; then she joined in a bombardment of Guam. Returning to the vicinity of Saipan and Tinian, she provided fire support for the troops ashore until 26 June when she headed back to Eniwetok. On 21 July, after almost four weeks absence, she returned to the Marianas with TF 53 to support the recapture of Guam. For a week, she screened the task force from submarines and performed picket patrol for the amphibious units.
On the 28th, she returned to Eniwetok as part of the escort for a transport group. On 7 August, the destroyer minesweeper got underway from Eniwetok for San Francisco, via Pearl Harbor. She reached her destination on 26 August and entered the yard of the General Engineering & Dry Dock Co. Her overhaul was completed on 17 January 1945; and Stansbury sailed to San Diego, arriving the following day. There she reported for duty with the San Diego Shakedown Group.
For the remainder of the war, she served as a training ship for the Fleet Operational Training Command, Pacific Fleet. Her designation was changed from DMS-8 to A107 on 5 June 1945. In September 1945, Stanabury transited the Panama Canal again and headed for Norfolk, Va. She was decommissioned at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard on 11 December 1945, and her name was struck from the Navy list on 3 January 1946. Her hulk was sold to Luria Bros. Co. of Philadelphia, Pa., on 26 October, and she was scrapped on 25 January 1947.
Stansbury was awarded three battle stars during World War II.
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How do i apply for a lost Honorable Discharge? I served in the USMC and have my DD 214.
How do i obtain or apply a duplicate (lost) Honorable Discharge which was issued over 40 years ago, I served in the USMC I have my DD 214, I was released from active duty 7/17/1975.
Re: how do i apply for a lost Honorable Discharge? I served in the USMC and have my DD 214.Holly Rivet 13.11.2018 13:05 (в ответ на Robert Freader)
Thank you for contacting the History Hub!
You may request a DD 256, Honorable Discharge Certificate, by submitting a SF Form . In your request, state that you were never issued this certificate. Since you were in the Marine Corps and released from active duty in 1975, please send your completed form to the National Personnel Records Center, (Military Personnel Records), 1 Archives Drive, St. Louis, MO 63138-1002.
Pizarro executes last Inca emperor
Atahuallpa, the 13th and last emperor of the Incas, dies by strangulation at the hands of Francisco Pizarro’s Spanish conquistadors. The execution of Atahuallpa, the last free reigning emperor, marked the end of 300 years of Inca civilization.
High in the Andes Mountains of Peru, the Inca built a dazzling empire that governed a population of 12 million people. Although they had no writing system, they had an elaborate government, great public works and a brilliant agricultural system. In the five years before the Spanish arrival, a devastating war of succession gripped the empire. In 1532, Atahuallpa’s army defeated the forces of his half-brother Huascar in a battle near Cuzco. Atahuallpa was consolidating his rule when Pizarro and his 180 soldiers appeared.
Francisco Pizarro was the son of a Spanish gentleman and worked as a swineherder in his youth. He became a soldier and in 1502 went to Hispaniola with the new Spanish governor of the New World colony. Pizarro served under Spanish conquistador Alonso de Ojeda during his expedition to Colombia in 1510 and was with Vasco Nunez de Balboa when he discovered the Pacific Ocean in 1513. Hearing legends of the great wealth of an Indian civilization in South America, Pizarro formed an alliance with fellow conquistador Diego de Almagro in 1524 and sailed down the west coast of South America from Panama. The first expedition only penetrated as far as present-day Ecuador, but a second reached farther, to present-day Peru. There they heard firsthand accounts of the Inca empire and obtained Inca artifacts. The Spanish christened the new land Peru, probably after the Vire River.
Returning to Panama, Pizarro planned an expedition of conquest, but the Spanish governor refused to back the scheme. In 1528, Pizarro sailed back to Spain to ask the support of Emperor Charles V. Hernan Cortes had recently brought the emperor great wealth through his conquest of the Aztec Empire, and Charles approved Pizarro’s plan. He also promised that Pizarro, not Almagro, would receive the majority of the expedition’s profits. In 1530, Pizarro returned to Panama.
In 1531, he sailed down to Peru, landing at Tumbes. He led his army up the Andes Mountains and on November 15, 1532, reached the Inca town of Cajamarca, where Atahuallpa was enjoying the hot springs in preparation for his march on Cuzco, the capital of his brother’s kingdom. Pizarro invited Atahuallpa to attend a feast in his honor, and the emperor accepted. Having just won one of the largest battles in Inca history, and with an army of 30,000 men at his disposal, Atahuallpa thought he had nothing to fear from the bearded white stranger and his 180 men. Pizarro, however, planned an ambush, setting up his artillery at the square of Cajamarca.
On November 16, Atahuallpa arrived at the meeting place with an escort of several thousand men, all apparently unarmed. Pizarro sent out a priest to exhort the emperor to accept the sovereignty of Christianity and Emperor Charles V., and Atahuallpa refused, flinging a Bible handed to him to the ground in disgust. Pizarro immediately ordered an attack. Buckling under an assault by the terrifying Spanish artillery, guns, and cavalry (all of which were alien to the Incas), thousands of Incas were slaughtered, and the emperor was captured.
Atahuallpa offered to fill a room with treasure as ransom for his release, and Pizarro accepted. Eventually, some 24 tons of gold and silver were brought to the Spanish from throughout the Inca empire. Although Atahuallpa had provided the richest ransom in the history of the world, Pizarro treacherously put him on trial for plotting to overthrow the Spanish, for having his half-brother Huascar murdered, and for several other lesser charges. A Spanish tribunal convicted Atahuallpa and sentenced him to die. On August 29, 1533, the emperor was tied to a stake and offered the choice of being burned alive or strangled by garrote if he converted to Christianity. In the hope of preserving his body for mummification, Atahuallpa chose the latter, and an iron collar was tightened around his neck until he died.
With Spanish reinforcements that had arrived at Cajamarca earlier that year, Pizarro then marched on Cuzco, and the Inca capital fell without a struggle in November 1533. Huascar’s brother Manco Capac was installed as a puppet emperor, and the city of Quito was subdued. Pizarro established himself as Spanish governor of Inca territory and offered Diego Almagro the conquest of Chile as appeasement for claiming the riches of the Inca civilization for himself. In 1535, Pizarro established the city of Lima on the coast to facilitate communication with Panama. The next year, Manco Capac escaped from Spanish supervision and led an unsuccessful uprising that was quickly crushed. That marked the end of Inca resistance to Spanish rule.
Diego Almagro returned from Chile embittered by the poverty of that country and demanded his share of the spoils of the former Inca empire. Civil war soon broke out over the dispute, and Almagro seized Cuzco in 1538. Pizarro sent his half brother, Hernando, to reclaim the city, and Almagro was defeated and put to death. On June 26, 1541, allies of Diego el Monzo𠅊lmagro’s son—penetrated Pizarro’s palace in Lima and assassinated the conquistador while he was eating dinner. Diego el Monzo proclaimed himself governor of Peru, but an agent of the Spanish crown refused to recognize him, and in 1542 Diego was captured and executed. Conflict and intrigue among the conquistadors of Peru persisted until Spanish Viceroy Andres Hurtado de Mendoza established order in the late 1550s.
The citation given by the President of the United States upon the posthumous awarding of the Navy Cross said in part: “Lieutenant Orleck calmly and expertly directed the fire-fighting activities, the control of serious flooding and the transfer of all survivors to the rescue ships. Valiant and determined in the face of imminent peril, he remained aboard the stricken NAUSET in an attempt to beach her and prevent total loss, working desperately until she struck an enemy mine and sank. Lieutenant Orleck’s indomitable fighting spirit and selfless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Navy.”
Lieutenant Orleck who had received numerous other medals during his life was honored with the rare naming of a ship, a United States Destroyer, after him. The ship was approved on 11 January 1945, launched 12 May 1945 and commissioned on September 15, 1945. It is from humble beginnings that a great ship with a great history developed.
Having been commissioned right at the end of World War II the ship entered into service at the beginning of what became known as the “Cold War” and through all those years she operated in that atmosphere with her service primarily in the 7th Fleet in the Pacific. Through that era and into the times of Korea, Vietnam, up until 1982 she served her country well. She always had good crews. She always out performed other ships of her kind. In Korea she was the initiator of the “Train Busters Club” in that she took out two enemy supply trains in the mountains as she silently and without lights waited in a cove for the train to approach, then opened fire shooting out the tracks before the train and then behind. At that point she would then spend the necessary time to blow the remainder of thetrain apart. This remarkable accomplishment was performed on two different occasions. After that, other ships got the idea and many performed the same feat.
During Vietnam she gained the reputation of Top Gun, having fired more rounds in support of our ground troops than any other ship. She developed the nickname, “Grey Ghost of the Vietnam Coast” because she always seemed to be there to provide fire cover for pinned down marines who called for her assistance.At the later part of her service she was used as a training vessel for our Naval Reserve Forces. At times she starred in movies and her most notable was in “Winds of War” mini-series. Those 5 inch guns you saw Pug Henry in front of. menacingly turning looking for its target, are her guns.
In December 1962 in what allowed her to continue as an active and effective Naval vessel she underwent what is known as a FRAM modernization. In this process she was equipped with the most modern equipment and weapons found on destroyers including ASROC Missile Launchers and DASH Systems which were unmanned helicopter drone systems that could launch offensive attacks on submarines. With these improvements she now had the capability to meet the needs of the modern Navy that required her to be able not only to be effective against subsurface and surface ships but also to be effective in anti-aircraft situations as well.
- Joseph Jackson Howard and Joseph Lemuel Chester, eds., The Visitation of London: Anno Domini 1633, 1634, and 1635, vol. 1 (London: Harleian Society, 1880) p. 327
- "England Marriages, 1538 ," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NLSZ-SBH : 10 February 2018), John Gossidge and Anne Louelace, 25 Sep 1628 citing Great Wymondley,Hertford,England, reference , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City FHL microfilm 991,348.
- "Virginia Gleanings in England (Continued)." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 17, no. 3 (1909): 302-04. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4242995. Will of Daniel Gorsuch, dated 6 Oct. 1638, proved 21 Nov. 1638, the testator mentions "my dutiful son John Gorsuch" (one of the executors)
- Updated from MyHeritage Family Trees via son Charles Gorsuch by SmartCopy: Jan 2 2015, 8:34:29 UTC
Rev John Gorsuch (1600 - 1647) John Gorsuch (1600 - 1647)
no image Rev. John Gorsuch Born 1600 in Walkern, Hertfordshire, Englandmap ANCESTORS ancestors Son of Daniel Gorsuch and Alice (Hall) Gorsuch Brother of Katherine (Gorsuch)
Murdered by Oliver Cromwell.
Murdered by Oliver Cromwell.
!Name: See Baltimore county Families, 16
!Name: See Baltimore county Families, 1659-1759, p.266. (975.271, D2b.) (may be Dr. Godsuch, Dr. of Theologie. See Ibid.) !Death: Baltimore Co. Families, 1659-1759, p. 266. (975.271, D2b.) Note: Rev. John Gorsuch became Rector of Walkern, Herts.. received his Doctor of Divinity degree from Cambridge, Univ.. After his death, his widow Ann left for America about 1651 with her children Elizabeth, Charles, and lovelace.)
Ancestral File Number:<AFN> NJHZ-X5
Ancestral File Number:<AFN> NJHZ-X5
Bore degrees in M.A. and D.D., was Recto
Bore degrees in M.A. and D.D., was Rector of Walkerne in Herefordshire, England during the time of Cromwell.
Abraham Crottenden, chr 30 Sep 1599, son of Thomas.
Abraham Crottenden England, Sussex, Parish Registers, 1538-1910 christening:र September 1599tchingham, Sussex, England father: Thomas Crottenden
!GENERAL:Pedigree Resource File CD 4, Pe
!GENERAL:Pedigree Resource File CD 4, Pedigree Resource File CD 4, (Salt Lake City, UT: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 1999) !GENERAL:Ancestral File (R), Ancestral File (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998 Repository: Family History Library 35 N West Temple Street Salt Lake City, UT 84150 USA
Patrick allen Crittenden, PO Box 8601, K
Patrick allen Crittenden, PO Box 8601, Kodiak Alaska 99615 www.familytreemaker.com/users/c/r/i/Patrick-A-Crittenden/index.htm l
Doctor of Divinity from Cambridge University. Rector of St. Mary's Church at Walkern. A zealous Royalist who supported King Charles I, and was evicted from Walkern in 1642. Shortly thereafter he was killed in the Parliamentary Wars. His wife, Anne Lovelace Gorsuch, immigrated to America with her 7 children and she died in Virginia in 1657. From Find A Grave contributor Kenneth Fawcett: "He is the Son of Daniel and Alice Hall Gorsuch. John and his wife had eleven children: Daniel, John, William, Katherine, Robert, Richard, Anna, Elizabeth, Charles, Lovelace and Francis. You are correct after his death his wife emigrated to America with her seven youngest children. Lady Anne Lovelace Gorsuch was 36 years old at the time of her husbands death and continued to live in Weston Parish for another three years. Because of her connections with directors of the Virginia Company especially the Sandy Family she arranged for herself and several of her children to leave England for Virginia.(she took with her Robert, Richard, and Ann)(Elizabeth, Charles, Lovelace and Katherine soon followed. Ann Lovelace Gorsuch's youngest brother was later Royal Governor of the colony of New York. She died in about 1655 and is buried in Lancaster County Virginia. Her parents were Sir William Lovelace II and Dame Anne Barne."
Find A Grave contributor Captain G notes: "John Gorsuch, D.D., was born in 1600, vice 1609, in Bishopsgate, London, son of Daniel Gorsuch a wealth merchant of the Mercer Co. of London & deputy alderman of Bishopsgate. John matriculated as a Fellow-Commoner at Pembrooke College in the University of Cambridge in 1617, earning his B.A. in 1620-21 his M.A. in 1624 and his D.D. in 1636. He was instituted rector of Walkern on 28 July 1632."
Rev. John Gorsuch had been murdered for
Rev. John Gorsuch had been murdered for being loyal to the king
Walkern Parish John Gorsuch became Rector of Walkern (Walkhorne) Parish (in Hertford Parish), Hertfordshire, England July 28, 1632, his father having purchased this rectory for him. Four years after their marriage t
What Are the Values of Hess Trucks by Year?
The oldest Hess toy trucks from 1964 are typically worth around $2,000 or more with values steadily declining by year up to the current year's pricing of $19.95, as of 2015. Hess truck valuations are highly speculative depending on the year, model, condition, rarity and the current collectibles market pricing.
While the older Hess toys are usually worth more money, that is not always the case. Some specific model years usually command a higher price because there were fewer of them manufactured, the 1966 Hess Voyager Ship and the 1967 Hess Red Velvet Truck being two examples. While not the oldest of the Hess toys, they are some of the most valuable.
Another important factor in valuations for Hess toy trucks is the condition of the toy as well as the original packaging material. It is important for the toy to be in perfect condition, but nearly half of the value is derived from the condition of the box. The most valuable toy is called "mint-in-box," where both toy and box are in perfect condition.
Leaded Gas Was a Known Poison the Day It Was Invented
For most of the mid-twentieth century, lead gasoline was considered normal. It wasn’t: lead is a poison, and burning it had dire consequences. But how did it get into gasoline in the first place?
The answer goes back to this day in 1921, when General Motors engineer named Thomas Midgley Jr. told his boss Charles Kettering that he’d discovered a new additive which worked to reduce the “knocking” in car engines. That additive: tetraethyl lead, also called TEL or lead tetraethyl, a highly toxic compound that was discovered in 1854. His discovery continues to have impact that reaches far beyond car owners.
Kettering himself had designed the self-starter a decade before, wrote James Lincoln Kitman for The Nation in 2000, and the knocking was a problem he couldn’t wait to solve. It made cars less efficient and more intimidating to consumers because of the loud noise. But there were other effective anti-knock agents. Kitman writes that Midgley himself said he tried any substance he could find in the search for an antiknock, “from melted butter and camphor to ethyl acetate and aluminum chloride.” The most compelling option was actually ethanol.
But from the perspective of GM, Kitman wrote, ethanol wasn’t an option. It couldn’t be patented and GM couldn’t control its production. And oil companies like Du Pont "hated it," he wrote, perceiving it to be a threat to their control of the internal combustion engine.
TEL filled the same technical function as ethanol, he wrote: it reduced knock by raising the fuel's combustability, what would come to be known as "octane." Unlike ethanol, though, it couldn't be potentially used as a replacement for gasoline, as it had been in some early cars. The drawback: it was a known poison, described in 1922 by a Du Pont executive as "a colorless liquid of sweetish odor, very poisonous if absorbed through the skin, resulting in lead poisoning almost immediately." That statement is important, Kitman wrote: later, major players would deny they knew TEL to be so poisonous.
So in February 1923, a filling station sold the first tank of leaded gasoline. Midgley wasn’t there: he was in bed with severe lead poisoning, writes History.com. The next year, there was serious backlash against leaded gasoline after five workers died from TEL exposure at the Standard Oil Refinery in New Jersey, writes Deborah Blum for Wired, but still, the gasoline went into general sale later that decade. In 1926, she writes, a public health service report concluded there was “no reason to prohibit the sale of leaded gasoline” so long as workers were protected when they made it. Blum continues:
The task force did look briefly at risks associated with every day exposure by drivers, automobile attendants, gas station operators, and found that it was minimal. The researchers had indeed found lead residues in dusty corners of garages. In addition, all the drivers tested showed trace amounts of lead in their blood. But a low level of lead could be tolerated, the scientists announced.
That report acknowledged that exposure levels might rise over time. “But, of course, that would be another generation’s problem,” she writes. Those early actions set a precedent that was hard to undo: it wouldn’t be until the mid-1970s that a growing body of evidence about the dangers of leaded gasoline lead the EPA to enter into a years-long legal struggle with gasoline-makers over phasing out leaded gasoline.
The effects of so much lead being burned and forced into the air are still being felt in the United States and other countries where leaded gasoline was—or still is—used.
“Chidren are the first and worst victims of leaded gas because of their immaturity, they are most susceptible to systemic and neurological injury,” wrote Kitman. Research has shown that lead exposure in children is linked to "a whole raft of complications later in life," writes Kevin Drum for Mother Jones, among them lower IQ, hyperactivity, behavioral problems and learning disabilities. A significant body of research links lead exposure in children to violent crime, he writes. Much of that lead is still around in environments that were contaminated by gasoline fumes during the era of unleaded. It's a problem that can't be left for another generation, Drum writes.
About Kat Eschner
Kat Eschner is a freelance science and culture journalist based in Toronto.
Need a copy of my DD214Darren Cole 06.06.2019 12:14 (в ответ на RALPH GONZALES)
You may want to check these other posts asking about getting copies of form DD-214:
Re: need a copy of my DD214Becca Simons 12.06.2019 9:26 (в ответ на RALPH GONZALES)
Thank you for posting your response on History Hub!
You may obtain a copy of your DD-214 online through the National Archives’ eVetRecs platform or complete a Standard Form SF-180 and mail it to NARA's National Personnel Records Center, (Military Personnel Records), 1 Archives Drive, St. Louis, MO 63138-1002.
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